There are different treatment approaches commonly used by physiotherapist: Depending on your specific problems and goals, your physiotherapist may employ a combination of the following:
High frequency sound waves are used to treat injuries to soft tissues. The sound waves pass through the skin causing the tissues in the affected area to vibrate. Gel is used to assist transmission of the ultrasonic waves.
These waves help to improve blood flow to the injured site, increase the breakdown of scar tissue, consequently, decrease pain and speed up the healing process. It also helps in reducing swelling in affected area.
The Low-Level Laser :Therapy utilizes red and near infrared light over areas of injury or wounds in order to accelerate the healing process of soft tissue, reduce inflammation and also to give relief from acute and chronic pain.
The High power Laser : Therapy allows deep tissue penetration. Its maximum power is more than 50 times higher than in cold laser therapy. It is effective for wide range of conditions such as muscle injuries, tendinopathies, degenerative joint disorders, ligament sprain. In contrast to surgical lasers, the therapeutic lasers gently pass through your skin without breaking the skin or causing discomfort.
Acupuncture is a branch of traditional Chinese medicine. It involves inserting ultra-thin, sterilised, disposable needles at specific acupuncture points to balance the body’s Chi
In Chinese medicine Qi (or Chi) refers to the flow of vital energy in the body through channels or meridians. If a problem occurs, energy slows down or becomes stagnated.
By stimulating appropriate points on the body, acupuncture is thought to release these blockages and promote healing.
Acupuncture in Physiotherapy is used together with more traditional, conventional physiotherapy treatments such as manual therapy and exercise.
Dry needling is based on Western medicine principles. It is an effective technique for the treatment of muscular pain.
Dry needling or intramuscular stimulation (IMS), involves inserting ultra thin needle into the skin directly at myofascial trigger point ; muscle knot; which contributes to muscle pain and dysfunction. A local twitch response is often experienced. It means the trigger point has been stimulated, increasing the blood flow to the area which is extremely effective for relaxing overactive muscles. When this local twitch response occurs, a brief painful response might be felt but it won’t last. After dry needling treatment, the area that was treated will feel much softer and relaxed.
In Physical therapy, therapeutic exercises can be described by physiotherapists to return an injured person to a pain free, fully functioning state.
Based on the initial assessment, the physiotherapist will determine a treatment plan that includes specific exercise program fitted your condition.
The exercise program may include mobility (range of motion) exercises, flexibility (stretching) exercises, stability, coordination exercises, muscle performance (strengthening and endurance ) exercises, balance exercises and neuromuscular control( proprioception) exercises.
Balance exercises are the exercises that focus on maintaining an individual’s center of gravity.
These exercises will improve your ability to control and stabilize your body’s position and prevent falls.
These are advanced exercises to restore the ability of the brain to sense the position of a joint and control its movement relative to the rest of the body.
Proprioceptive ability is often lost or reduced following an injury to certain joint.
By doing these advanced type of exercises, a joint can return completely to the pre injury state which will decrease the risk for any future injury to this joint.